Vancouver, city, southwestern British Columbia, Canada. It is the major urban focal point of western Canada and the focal point of one of the nation’s most crowded metropolitan locales. Vancouver lies between Burrard Inlet (an arm of the Strait of Georgia) toward the north and the Fraser River delta toward the south, inverse Vancouver Island. The city is only north of the U.S. province of Washington. It has a fine regular harbor on a heavenly site confronting the ocean and mountains. Pop. (2011) 603,502; metro. territory, 2,313,328; (2016) 631,486; metro. region, 2,463,431.
The area had for some time been possessed by a few Native American (First Nations) people groups when an exchanging post, Fort Langley, was set up by the Hudson’s Bay Company in 1827 close to the mouth of the Fraser River. Barely any individuals of European plunge lived in the territory until the late 1850s, when the town of New Westminster (presently a suburb of Vancouver) was built up close to the site of the first fortification (in 1839 the fortress itself had been migrated somewhat more distant upstream). A large number of diggers, for the most part from California, overflowed into the district during the 1860s, pulled in by the gold rush in the Cariboo Mountains toward the upper east. Other than the Scottish, who were extremely powerful in Vancouver’s initial years, Americans notably affected the city. The proposal to name it Vancouver was made by an American, William Van Horne, leader of the Canadian Pacific Railway. What’s more, the city’s regularly chosen civic chairman (nine nonconsecutive terms from 1919 to 1933), L.D. Taylor, was initially from the United States. Additionally, the main significant industry in the zone, a sawmill on Burrard Inlet, was claimed by an American. At last, the principal significant industry not dependent on neighborhood normal assets, a still-dynamic sugar processing plant, was begun by an American.
Vancouver was initially a little sawmilling settlement, called Granville during the 1870s. It was consolidated as a city in April 1886 (just before it turned into the western end of the first trans-Canada railroad, the Canadian Pacific) and was renamed to respect the English guide George Vancouver, of the Royal Navy, who had investigated and studied the coast in 1792. An awful flame only two months after consolidation demolished the city in under 60 minutes. The city recouped, be that as it may, to turn into a prosperous port, helped to some degree by the opening of the Panama Canal (1914), which made it financially attainable to fare grain and timber from Vancouver toward the east shore of the United States and to Europe. In 1929 two enormous rural areas toward the south, Point Gray and South Vancouver, amalgamated with Vancouver, and its metropolitan region turned into the third most crowded in Canada. By the 1930s Vancouver was Canada’s real Pacific coast port. After World War II it formed into Canada’s fundamental business center for exchange with Asia and the Pacific Rim.
The city has for some time been a well known goal for migrants both from different pieces of Canada and from abroad. Remarkable has been the flood of East Asians, principally Chinese, particularly since World War II. Against Asian mobs and flare-ups of savagery were not rare during the city’s most punctual years. Protection from Asian migration was additionally confirm in the Komagata Maru occurrence of 1914, in which the ship of that name, conveying in excess of 300 Indians, was not permitted to land its travelers (every single British subject) and was compelled to come back to India.