Suzhou, Wade-Giles romanization Su-chou, additionally called Wuxian, regular Soochow, city, southern Jiangsu sheng (area), eastern China. It is arranged on the southern segment of the Grand Canal on a by and large level, low-lying plain between the eminent Lake Tai toward the west and the immense Shanghai city toward the east. Encompassed by waterways on each of the four sides and confounded by minor channels, the city controls the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) delta zone north and upper east of Lake Tai. Suzhou is a position of extraordinary magnificence, with lakes, streams, lakes, world-renowned greenhouses, and a string of picturesque slopes along the eastern shore of the lake. It likewise lies at the focal point of the absolute most extravagant horticultural land in China. Pop. (2002 est.) 1,215,967; (2007 est.) urban agglom., 1,650,000.
The customary establishing date of Suzhou is 514 BCE, when a city with the inexact limits of the present-the very first moment was built up by the leader of the territory of Wu throughout the Spring and Autumn (Chunqiu) period (770–476 BCE) of the Dong (Eastern) Zhou tradition. Under the Qin administration (221–207 BCE) it turned into the seat of an area, Wuxian, and of the Kuaiji commandery, which controlled a large portion of present-day Jiangsu south of the Yangtze and Zhejiang territory. The name Suzhou dates from 589 CE, when the Sui line (581–618) vanquished southern China.
With the structure of the Grand Canal, Suzhou turned into a managerial and business place for a zone that quickly formed into the real rice-surplus locale of China. Under the Song (960–1279) and the Yuan (1206–1368) lines, Suzhou kept on prospering. In the thirteenth century the Venetian voyager Marco Polo visited it and remarked on its brilliant qualities. Wusong River and Suzhou Creek gave the city direct access to the ocean, and for some time Suzhou was a port for remote transportation, until the silting of the Yangtze River delta and the water system and recovery works that went on persistently blocked access. Under the Ming (1368–1644) and early Qing (1644–1911/12) administrations, Suzhou achieved the pinnacle of its flourishing. The home of numerous well off landowning families, it turned into a middle for grant and expressions of the human experience. Wellsprings of the city’s riches incorporated the silk business and weaving. It additionally filled in as a significant wellspring of business capital and a fund and banking focus.
From 1860 to 1863, during the Taiping Rebellion (1850–64), Suzhou was involved by the Taiping pioneer Li Xiucheng. Despite the fact that it was one of only a handful couple of spots in which Taiping change arrangements appear to have been successfully completed, the city was, by and by, generally decimated. It was reestablished in the late nineteenth century, however its business matchless quality was then tested by adjacent Shanghai. Under the Treaty of Shimonoseki (finished up among China and Japan in 1895), Suzhou was opened for outside exchange however without huge outcomes. Before World War II the territory was antagonistically influenced by outside challenge, and the silk business, the greater part of which was on a little handiwork scale, was hard hit. At about that time some advanced production lines fabricating glossy silks and cotton textures were set up, and an enormous electric-control creating plant was set up; nonetheless, until the episode of the Sino-Japanese War in 1937, there was minimal present day industry. Suzhou was involved by the Japanese from 1937 until the war’s end in 1945.