Sousse, additionally spelled Sūsah or Sousa, town situated in east-focal Tunisia. It is a significant port and business focus that began as the Phoenician settlement of Hadrumetum. Utilized by Hannibal as his base during the Second Punic War (218–201 BCE), Sousse changed its devotion during the Third Punic War (149–146 BCE) and therefore picked up the status of a free town. It declined under Arab control yet was restored by the Aghlabid leaders of Kairouan (Al-Qayrawān) in the ninth century, whose port it stayed until the attacks of the Bedouin Arabs in the eleventh century. Sousse was restored as an unmistakable port under the French protectorate (1881–1955); during World War II, the town and its port were truly harmed.
Recreation of the town, particularly since the 1960s, has seen another accentuation on the travel industry, including the development of a marina at Port El-Kantaoui. Sousse is by and by a significant exchange focus, and agrarian action has declined for angling and the travel industry. Major financial interests incorporate sardine canning, car parts production and gathering, olive oil preparing, and cotton material processing. The University of Sousse (1986), situated in the town, offers courses in various resources. The old town, encased by bulwarks that date from the Byzantine time frame and from the Aghlabid line, contains the Great Mosque (established in the ninth century by the Aghlabid emir Abū al-ʿAbbās Muḥammad) and ribāṭ (religious community stronghold; dating from the ninth century), the souks (commercial centers), and some Muslim quarters; the old city was assigned an UNESCO World Heritage site in 1988. The town is likewise the site of broad mausoleums going back to the sizeable Christian nearness in the third century CE.
The district wherein Sousse is arranged includes a daintily undulating beach front plain where olive trees and esparto grass are developed. Its fundamental focuses, notwithstanding Sousse, are Monastir (Al-Munastīr) and Mahdia (Al-Mahdiyyah). Sousse is connected by street and rail to Tunis, Sfax (Ṣafāqis), Gabès (Qābis), and Gafsa (Qafṣah). Pop. (2004) 173,047.