Riyadh, Arabic Al-Riyāḍ, city and capital of Saudi Arabia. The city’s name is gotten from the plural of the Arabic rawḍah, which means greenhouses or glades, so named for a characteristic fruitfulness given by its area at the crossroads of Wadis Ḥanīfah and Al-Baṭḥāʾ. The dynamite sight of Riyadh from the air, lit up at night by city lights, is reminiscent of its eponymous knolls; a brilliant ocean of lights spot the desert as though fluorescent bloom plant enclosures have all of a sudden bloomed among its dim shapes.
The city is situated in the Minṭaqat Al-Riyāḍ, one of the nation’s 13 areas, and is arranged in the focal segments of both the nation and the bigger Arabian Peninsula. Maybe a couple of the world’s urban communities have changed as quickly as Riyadh, which developed from a little, invigorated desert town in the seventeenth century into a cutting edge city of a few million occupants in the twentieth century. Zone city, 600 square miles (1,550 square km). Pop. (2010) 5,188,286.
Life in Riyadh is focused around the city’s in excess of 4,000 mosques and its various occupied with malls. The city’s focal center and its numerous souks (commercial centers) pull in overwhelming passerby traffic, underscoring the city’s extreme sentiment of imperativeness. As occupants of a noteworthy city in a mostly Muslim (see Islam) nation, Riyadh’s occupants cling to various social standards that incorporate isolation of the genders and the need to ensure the protection of the family. Recreational exercises are frequently a family undertaking, and huge open social events are fundamentally confined to male specialists. Be that as it may, numerous movement focuses enable ladies and families to go to at uncommon occasions or in held zones.
Riyadh’s physical design is overwhelmed by its road framework—a very characterized matrix made up of 1.25-mile by 1.25-mile (2-km by 2-km) square squares—which gives a system over the cityscape. This framework is traversable, however it is additionally considered by some to keep, due to its controlled compartmentalization of the city’s networks and neighborhoods.