Rio de Janeiro, in full Cidade de São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro, byname Rio, city and port, capital of the estado (state) of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is situated on the Atlantic Ocean, in the southeastern piece of the tropical zone of South America, and is widely perceived as one of the world’s most lovely and fascinating urban focuses. In spite of the fact that Rio de Janeiro keeps on being the prevalent symbol of Brazil according to numerous on the planet, in all actuality its area, design, occupants, and way of life make it very one of a kind when contrasted and other Brazilian urban communities, particularly the nation’s capital of Brasília or the a lot bigger city of São Paulo. The previous is an a lot littler city going back just to the 1960s, while the last is a colossal, rambling business and assembling focus with none of Rio’s terrific characteristic excellence or enrapturing charm. In contrast to Rio, both are situated on level interior levels.
The name was given to the city’s unique site by Portuguese pilots who touched base on January 1, 1502, and confused the passageway of the straight with the mouth of a stream (rio is the Portuguese word for “waterway” and janeiro the word for “January”). At the point when the establishments of things to come town were laid in 1565, it was named Cidade de São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro (“City of St. Sebastian of Rio de Janeiro”) for both São Sebastião and Dom Sebastião, ruler of Portugal.
Rio de Janeiro turned into the pilgrim capital in 1763 and was the capital of independent Brazil from 1822 until 1960, when the national capital was moved to the new city of Brasília; the domain establishing the previous Federal District was changed over into Guanabara state, which shaped an enclave in Rio de Janeiro state. In March 1975 the two states were combined as the province of Rio de Janeiro. The city of Rio de Janeiro ended up one of the 14 districts of the Metropolitan Region of Rio de Janeiro, or Greater Rio, and was designated the capital of the revamped state. Despite loss of the status, subsidizing, and work it had delighted in as Brazil’s capital, Rio de Janeiro made due as well as flourished as a business and money related focus, just as a vacationer magnet. Territory city, 485 square miles (1,255 square km); Greater Rio, 2,079 square miles (5,384 square km). Pop. (2000) 5,857,904; Greater Rio, 10,894,156; (2010) 6,320,446; Greater Rio, 11,875,063.