Dominican Republic, nation of the West Indies that possesses the eastern 66% of Hispaniola, the second biggest island of the Greater Antilles chain in the Caribbean Sea. Haiti, additionally a free republic, involves the western third of the island. The Dominican Republic’s shores are washed by the Caribbean toward the south and the Atlantic Ocean toward the north. Between the eastern tip of the island and Puerto Rico streams the Mona Passage, a channel around 80 miles (130 km) wide. The Turks and Caicos Islands are found exactly 90 miles (145 km) toward the north, and Colombia lies around 300 miles (500 km) toward the south. The republic’s region, which incorporates such neighboring islands as Saona, Beata, and Catalina, is about a large portion of the size of Portugal. The national capital is Santo Domingo, on the southern coast.
The Dominican Republic shares much for all intents and purpose with the nations of Latin America (with which it is regularly assembled), and a few journalists have alluded to the nation as a microcosm of that locale. Dominicans have encountered political and common issue, ethnic pressures, send out situated blasts and busts, and significant lots of military principle, including a Haitian occupation (1822–44), the onerous autocracy of Rafael Trujillo (1930–61), and military intercessions by the United States (1916–24 and 1965–66). In any case, the country’s inconveniences have could not hope to compare with those of neighboring Haiti. The two nations have for some time been vital on account of their nearness to the United States and their situations on significant ocean courses prompting the Caribbean and the Panama Canal.