Notre-Dame de Paris, likewise called Notre-Dame Cathedral, cathedral church in Paris. It is the most acclaimed of the Gothic cathedrals of the Middle Ages and is recognized for its size, relic, and design intrigue.
Notre-Dame lies at the eastern end of the Île de la Cité and was based on the remnants of two prior houses of worship, which were themselves originated before by a Gallo-Roman sanctuary devoted to Jupiter. The cathedral was started by Maurice de Sully, priest of Paris, who around 1160 considered changing over into a solitary structure, on a bigger scale, the vestiges of the two prior basilicas. The establishment stone was laid by Pope Alexander III in 1163, and the high raised area was blessed in 1189. The ensemble, the western exterior, and the nave were finished by 1250, and yards, churches, and different embellishments were included throughout the following 100 years.
Notre-Dame Cathedral comprises of an ensemble and apse, a short transept, and a nave flanked by twofold passageways and square churches. Its focal tower was included during rebuilding in the nineteenth century, supplanting the first, which had been totally evacuated in the eighteenth century on account of unsteadiness. The inside of the cathedral is 427 by 157 feet (130 by 48 meters) in plan, and the rooftop is 115 feet (35 meters) high. Two monstrous early Gothic towers (1210–50) crown the western veneer, which is partitioned into three stories and has its entryways enhanced with fine early Gothic carvings and surmounted by a column of figures of Old Testament lords. The two towers are 223 feet (68 meters) high; the towers with which they were to be delegated were never included. At the cathedral’s east end, the apse has enormous clerestory windows (included 1235–70) and is bolstered by single-curve flying braces of the all the more brave Rayonnant Gothic style, particularly outstanding for their intensity and effortlessness. The cathedral’s three incredible rose windows alone hold their thirteenth century glass.
otre-Dame Cathedral endured harm and weakening as the centuries progressed. After the French Revolution it was safeguarded from conceivable decimation by Napoleon, who delegated himself head of the French in the cathedral in 1804. Notre-Dame experienced significant reclamations by the French engineer Eugène-Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc in the mid-nineteenth century. The fame of Victor Hugo’s authentic novel Notre-Dame de Paris (1831), wherein the cathedral is the setting, was said to have enlivened the redesigns. During a rebuilding effort in 2019, a flame broke out in the cathedral’s storage room, and the huge burst wrecked the vast majority of the rooftop, Viollet-le-Duc’s nineteenth century tower, and a portion of the rib vaulting.