Nice, seaport city, Mediterranean traveler focus, and capital of Alpes-Maritimes département, Provence–Alpes–Côte-d’Azur région, southeastern France. The city is situated on the Baie (cove) des Anges, 20 miles (32 km) from the Italian fringe. Shielded by wonderful slopes, Nice has a lovely atmosphere and is the main retreat city of the Côte d’Azur, or French Riviera.
Established by the Phocaeans of Marseille (a province of Greek sailors) around 350 BCE, the city was most likely named out of appreciation for a triumph (nikē in Greek) over a neighboring state. Vanquished by the Romans during the first century CE, it turned into a bustling exchanging station. The town was held by the tallies of Provence during the tenth century, and in 1388 go under the insurance of the checks of Savoy, who held it until 1860, in spite of the fact that it was caught and involved a few times by the French during the seventeenth and eighteenth hundreds of years. Nice was surrendered to France by the Treaty of Turin (1860), after which a submission sanctioned the choice.
The Paillon River, presently somewhat worked over, isolates the new town toward the west from the old town, the harbor, and the business region toward the east. The old town, with restricted winding roads, remains at the western base of a rock slope known as Le Château, in spite of the fact that the stronghold that used to crown it was devastated in 1706. The harbor, started in 1750 and reached out after 1870, is currently utilized principally by ship administrations to Corsica and by cruising make. There is likewise a normal traveler administration to Corsica. The most striking piece of the new town is the well known Promenade des Anglais, which started in 1822 as a way along the shore worked by the English settlement. It extends 2.5 miles (4 km) along the waterfront and comprises of two wide carriageways isolated by blossom beds and palm trees.
The Musée Jules Chéret des Beaux-Arts and the Musée Masséna have accumulations of early Italian depictions and works by nineteenth century and contemporary craftsmen. A commemoration to the painter Marc Chagall has been worked to house a gathering of scriptural artworks given by the craftsman in 1966. A mile upper east of the downtown area is the antiquated episcopal town of Cimiez, which contains the grand remnants of a Roman amphitheater. Adjacent stands a seventeenth century manor lodging an archeological exhibition hall and a gathering of in excess of 40 works of art and illustrations by the French craftsman Henri Matisse.
Nice has a long history of the travel industry, both in summer and winter, and it is one of the city’s key financial exercises. Aside from the shorelines and yachting harbor, the travel industry is invigorated by Nice’s social offices, shops, and compositional legacy; business the travel industry is additionally of extensive significance, in light of the Acropolis Congress Center and related presentation corridors. Moreover, various occasions and celebrations are sorted out every year, strikingly the Carnival of Nice, which dates from 1873, yet in addition including the open tennis competition. Nice is a noteworthy business and regulatory focus in the east of the Provence–Alpes–Côte d’Azur area, its impact broadening great past the limit of the Alpes-Maritimes département. Various little and medium-sized manufacturing plants are situated at Nice, especially in the Var Plain toward the west. Later monetary improvement has been progressively connected with the enormous neighboring science park at Sophia-Antipolis. High-innovation firms there frequently work intimately with the University of Nice (set up 1965).