Nairobi, city, capital of Kenya. It is arranged in the south-focal piece of the nation, in the good countries at a rise of around 5,500 feet (1,680 meters). The city lies 300 miles (480 km) northwest of Mombasa, Kenya’s real port on the Indian Ocean.
The city began in the late 1890s as a pilgrim railroad settlement, taking its name from a water opening referred to the Maasai individuals as Enkare Nairobi (“Cold Water”). At the point when the railhead touched base there in 1899, the British pioneer capital of Ukamba area was moved from Machakos (presently Masaku) to the site, and in 1905 Nairobi turned into the capital of the British East Africa Protectorate. From around 1900 forward, when a little Indian bazaar was set up at Nairobi, the city was likewise an exchanging focus.
As a legislative focus, Nairobi therefore pulled in a surge of vagrants from country Kenya that made it one of the biggest urban areas in tropical Africa. It was announced a district in 1919 and was conceded city status in 1954. At the point when Kenya picked up autonomy in 1963, Nairobi remained the capital. The new nation’s constitution extended the city’s civil territory; the augmented district is a free unit controlled by the Nairobi City Council.
Nairobi is the chief mechanical focus of the nation. The railroads are the biggest single mechanical manager. Light-assembling businesses produce drinks, cigarettes, and prepared sustenance. The travel industry is likewise significant. The city is situated close eastern Africa’s horticultural heartland, and various essential items are steered through Nairobi before being sent out by means of Mombasa. Nairobi likewise assumes a significant job in the network of eastern African states; it is the central station of significant provincial railroads, harbors, and aviation routes organizations.
The city is all around served by streets and railroads. The primary courses are southeast and south to Mombasa and Tanzania and northwest through the good countries to Lake Victoria and Uganda. Jomo Kenyatta International Airport, 9 miles (15 km) toward the southwest, is one of the main universal air terminals in Africa.
Among the city’s engineering tourist spots are the Kenyatta International Conference Center, the Parliament Building and city lobby, the law courts, the Roman Catholic basilica, and the Jamia Mosque. There is likewise a well-arranged business focus.