Mumbai, once Bombay, city, capital of Maharashtra state, southwestern India. It is the nation’s money related and business focus and its chief port on the Arabian Sea.
Situated on Maharashtra’s coast, Mumbai is India’s most-crowded city, and it is one of the biggest and most thickly populated urban regions on the planet. It was based on a site of antiquated settlement, and it took its name from the neighborhood goddess Mumba—a type of Parvati, the partner of Shiva, one of the key divinities of Hinduism—whose sanctuary once remained in what is presently the southeastern area of the city. It wound up known as Bombay during the British frontier time frame, the name potentially an Anglicized debasement of Mumbai or maybe of Bom Baim (“Good Harbor”), apparently a Portuguese name for the area. The name Mumbai was reestablished authoritatively in 1995, in spite of the fact that Bombay stayed in like manner utilization.
Mumbai, long the focal point of India’s cotton material industry, along these lines built up an exceptionally broadened assembling part that incorporated an inexorably significant data innovation (IT) segment. Furthermore, the city’s business and monetary organizations are solid and vivacious, and Mumbai fills in as the nation’s money related center point. It endures, notwithstanding, from a portion of the perpetual issues of numerous enormous extending modern urban areas: air and water contamination, far reaching territories of inadequate lodging, and congestion. The last issue is exacerbated by the physical furthest reaches of the city’s island area. Region around 239 square miles (619 square km). Pop. (2001) 11,978,450; urban agglom., 16,434,386; (2011) 12,478,447; urban agglom., 18,414,288.