Mexico City, Nahuatl México, Spanish Ciudad de México or in full Ciudad de México, D.F., city and capital of Mexico, synonymous with the Federal District (Distrito Federal; D.F.). The term Mexico City can likewise apply to the capital’s metropolitan territory, which incorporates the Federal District however reaches out past it toward the west, north, and east, where the state (estado) of México encompasses it on three sides. Interestingly, the southern piece of the Federal District supports a restricted populace on its mountain slants.
Spanish conquistadors established Mexico City in 1521 on the bulldozed island-capital of Tenochtitlán, the social and political focus of the Aztec (Mexica) domain. It is one of the most established persistently occupied urban settlements in the Western Hemisphere, and it is positioned as one of the world’s most crowded metropolitan territories. One of only a handful couple of real urban communities not situated along the banks of a stream, it lies in an inland bowl called the Valley of Mexico, or Mesa Central. The valley is an expansion of the southern Mexican Plateau and is otherwise called Anáhuac (Nahuatl: “Near the Water”) on the grounds that the territory once contained a few huge lakes. The name México is gotten from Nahuatl, the language of its precolonial occupants.