Manila, capital and boss city of the Philippines. The city is the focal point of the nation’s financial, political, social, and social action. It is situated on the island of Luzon and spreads along the eastern shore of Manila Bay at the mouth of the Pasig River. The city’s name, initially Maynilad, is gotten from that of the nilad plant, a blooming bush adjusted to boggy conditions, which once developed lavishly along the banks of the waterway; the name was abbreviated first to Maynila and afterward to its present structure. In 1975, by presidential announcement, Manila and its coterminous urban areas and districts were incorporated to work as a solitary managerial locale, known as Metropolitan Manila (additionally called the National Capital Region); the Manila city appropriate envelops just a little extent of that zone.
Manila has been the key city of the Philippines for four centuries and is the focal point of its modern advancement just as the worldwide port of passage. It is arranged on one of the best protected harbors of the Pacific locale, around 700 miles (1,100 km) southeast of Hong Kong. The city has experienced fast financial improvement since its pulverization in World War II and its ensuing reconstructing; it is presently tormented with the well-known urban issues of contamination, traffic clog, and overpopulation. Measures have been taken, be that as it may, to improve those issues. Zone city, 15 square miles (38 square km); National Capital Region, 244 square miles (633 square km). Pop. (2000) city, 1,581,082; National Capital Region, 9,932,560; (2010) city, 1,652,171; National Capital Region, 11,855,975.
Manila possesses the low, slender deltaic plain of the Pasig River, which streams northwestward to Manila Bay. The swampy delta of the southward-streaming Pampanga River deceives the north of the city. Promptly toward the upper east and east of the urban district lies a stretch of swamps, past which rise the pinnacles of the southern scope of the Sierra Madre. Laguna de Bay, the huge lake from which the Pasig River streams, flanks Metropolitan Manila toward the southeast. Encasing Manila Bay toward the west is the uneven Bataan Peninsula. In spite of the fact that the city’s zone is choked, it is an astounding port site on account of its shielded harbor, its entrance to inland rural zones by method for the stream, and its relative nearness to the Asian territory.