Lisbon, Portuguese Lisboa, city, port, capital of Portugal, and the focal point of the Lisbon metropolitan zone. Situated in western Portugal on the estuary of the Tagus (Tejo) River, it is the westernmost capital city in mainland Europe and fills in as the nation’s central port, biggest city, and business, political, and vacationer focus.
The city’s name is an alteration of the old Olisipo (Ulyssipo), and its establishing has been credited to the inheritance of Ulysses (Odysseus), the saint of Homer’s Odyssey; to Elisha, indicated to have been a grandson of the Hebrew patriarch Abraham; and, all the more solidly, to Phoenician settlers. Lisbon owes its chronicled noticeable quality to its normal harbor, a standout amongst the most wonderful on the planet. Zone city, 33 square miles (85 square km). Pop. (2001) city, 564,657; metro. region, 2,661,850; (2011) city, 547,733; metro. zone, 2,821,876.
When a remote station on what was believed to be the most distant edge of the referred to world, Lisbon had set up itself as a focal point of tasks for Portuguese investigation by the fifteenth century. The downtown area was demolished by a seismic tremor in 1755 yet was remade by the marquês de Pombal. This seagirt city of kaleidoscopic houses and exquisite stops and gardens is never again the capital of a huge abroad domain. It has been recreated as a clamoring present day city. Actually, Lisbon was assigned an European City of Culture in 1994, and in 1998 it facilitated the World’s Fair (Expo ’98). That occasion started the city’s greatest reestablishment venture since the revamping that pursued the 1755 tremor, including the development of the consolidated street rail Vasco da Gama Bridge and other broad overhauls of the city’s transportation framework. The reasonable additionally was the essential impetus for the development along the Tagus River of an oceanarium, marinas, inns, business edifices, and amusement scenes.