Lincoln Memorial, stately landmark in Washington, D.C., respecting Abraham Lincoln, the sixteenth president of the United States, and “the ideals of tolerance, genuineness, and constancy in the human soul.” Designed by Henry Bacon on an arrangement like that of the Parthenon in Athens, the structure was constructed on reclaimed marshland along the banks of the Potomac River. The site selection caused controversy; the speaker of the House of Representatives, Joseph Cannon, favored an increasingly conspicuous spot across the Potomac, keeping up: “I’ll never give a memorial to Abraham Lincoln a chance to be erected in that g–damned marsh.” The cornerstone was set in 1915, and the completed memorial was dedicated before in excess of 50,000 individuals on May 30, 1922. Lincoln’s just enduring child, Robert Todd Lincoln, attended the ceremony. President Warren G. Harding and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court William Howard Taft, a previous president, delivered addresses. Ironically, despite Lincoln’s eminence as the “Incomparable Emancipator,” the dedication ceremonies were strictly segregated; even Robert Moton, president of Tuskegee Institute, who talked in the ceremony, was not allowed to sit on the speaker’s stage and instead was required to sit in a region reserved for African Americans.
The Lincoln Memorial includes 36 columns of Colorado marble, one for each state in the Union at the season of Lincoln’s death in 1865; each column stands 44 feet (13.4 meters) high. The names of the 48 contiguous states are listed over the colonnade, and the dates of their admission to the Union are engraved in Roman numerals. Because Hawaii and Alaska attained statehood a very long while after the Lincoln Memorial was finished, their names are inscribed on a plaque located on the front advances.
The inside highlights a 19-foot (5.8-meter) seated statue of Lincoln made of Georgia white marble. It was assembled on the premises from 28 pieces and lays on a pedestal of Tennessee marble. The statue was designed by Daniel Chester French and carved by the Piccirilli siblings of New York. Inscribed on the south mass of the landmark is Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address, on the north divider his Second Inaugural Address. On the ceiling are two canvases by Jules Guerin, Reunion and Progress and Emancipation of a Race. On a direct east-west pivot with the Washington Monument and the United States Capitol, the Lincoln Memorial fills in as the end toward the western end of the Mall. It is situated on the Reflecting Pool close to the Vietnam Veterans Memorial and the Korean War Veterans Memorial.
The Lincoln Memorial was a significant image of the American civil rights development. Marian Anderson, the famed African American contralto, with the help of first lady Eleanor Roosevelt, was granted authorization by the Department of the Interior to perform at the Lincoln Memorial in 1939 subsequent to being denied the privilege to sing at Constitution Hall by the Daughters of the American Revolution. In 1963, on the 100th commemoration of the Emancipation Proclamation, civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr., delivered his acclaimed “I Have a Dream” speech from the means of the Lincoln Memorial before in excess of 200,000 individuals.