Jakarta, previously (until 1949) Batavia or (1949–72) Djakarta, biggest city and capital of Indonesia. Jakarta lies on the northwest bank of Java at the mouth of the Ciliwung (Liwung River), on Jakarta Bay (an embayment of the Java Sea). It is coextensive with the metropolitan area of Greater (Jakarta Raya) and about coextensive with the daerah khusus ibukota (unique capital locale) of Jakarta—the last likewise including various little seaward islands in the Java Sea.
In 1966, when the city was proclaimed an extraordinary capital locale, it picked up a status roughly equal to that of a state or region. The city has for quite some time been a noteworthy exchange and money related focus. It has likewise turned into a significant modern city and an inside for training. Territory unique capital locale, 255 square miles (661 square km). Pop. (2000) Greater Jakarta, 8,342,435; extraordinary capital area, 8,361,079; (2010) Greater Jakarta, 9,586,705; exceptional capital locale, 9,607,787.
Jakarta lies on a low, level alluvial plain with verifiably broad swampy zones; the pieces of the city more remote inland are somewhat higher. It is effectively overwhelmed during the stormy season. The depleting of bogs for structure purposes and the ceaseless lessening of upland woodland vegetation have expanded the risk of floods. With such an overabundance of water in the dirt, Jakarta has a deficiency of clean drinking water, for which there is expanding request. The zone is very rich for products of the soil cultivation, as the greater part of the dirt is of old volcanic root.