Honolulu, capital and chief port of Hawaii, U.S., seat of Honolulu area. A cutting edge city, it reaches out around 10 miles (16 km) along the southeastern shore of Oahu Island and 4 miles (6 km) inland over a plain into the lower regions of the Koolau Range. It is the junction of trans-Pacific dispatching and air courses, the focal point of interisland administrations, and the business and modern focal point of the state. The city-region (zone 597 square miles [1,545 square km]) involves all of Oahu and some distant islets, which have a region total of just 3 square miles (8 square km) yet reach out for in excess of 1,300 miles (2,100 km) and comprise the Hawaiian and Pacific Islands National Wildlife Refuge. It is regulated as a solitary element and has around 80 percent of the state’s populace.
Hawaiian legend shows a settlement at Honolulu (signifying “secured inlet”) in 1100. Disregarded by Captain James Cook and other early wayfarers, the harbor with its outlet through the reef of Nuuanu Stream and shielded by Sand Island was entered by Captain William Brown in 1794. After 1820 Honolulu accepted first significance in the islands and prospered as a base for sandalwood dealers and whalers. A Russian gathering touched base there in 1816, and the port was later involved by the British (1843) and the French (1849) yet was come back to King Kamehameha III, who on August 31, 1850, authoritatively proclaimed Honolulu a city and the capital of his kingdom (Honolulu had been the true capital since 1845). In December 1941 the city and the contiguous Pearl Harbor maritime military complex went under Japanese ethereal assault. Honolulu turned into a prime organizing zone for the rest of World War II, a position it held during the Korean War and until the finish of the Indochina (Vietnam) struggle in 1973. Military use remains a significant wellspring of pay.