Hong Kong, exceptional regulatory locale (Pinyin: tebie xingzhengqu; Wade-Giles romanization: t’e-pieh hsing-cheng-ch’ü) of China, situated toward the east of the Pearl River (Xu Jiang) estuary on the south shoreline of China.
The locale is flanked by Guangdong area toward the north and the South China Sea toward the east, south, and west. It comprises of Hong Kong Island, initially surrendered by China to Great Britain in 1842, the southern piece of the Kowloon Peninsula and Stonecutters (Ngong Shuen) Island (presently joined to the terrain), surrendered in 1860, and the New Territories, which incorporate the territory zone lying to a great extent toward the north, together with 230 huge and little seaward islands—which were all rented from China for a long time from 1898 to 1997. The Chinese-British joint statement marked on December 19, 1984, prepared for the whole domain to be come back to China, which happened July 1, 1997.
The territory of Hong Kong (Pinyin: Xianggang; Wade-Giles: Hsiang-kang) has extended throughout the years, and it has kept on developing as more land has been recovered from the encompassing ocean. Hong Kong Island and its nearby islets have a zone of just around 31 square miles (81 square km), while urban Kowloon, which incorporates the Kowloon Peninsula south of Boundary Street, and Stonecutters Island measure around 18 square miles (47 square km). The New Territories represent the remainder of the region—in excess of 90 percent of the aggregate. The Victoria urban region situated on the desolate rocks of the northwestern shoreline of Hong Kong Island is where the British previously arrived in 1841, and it has since been the focal point of authoritative and financial exercises.
Hong Kong grew at first based on its incredible common harbor (its Chinese name signifies “fragrant harbor”) and the rewarding China exchange, especially opium managing. It was the extension of its domain, in any case, that gave work and different assets essential for continued business development that prompted its getting to be one of the world’s significant exchange and budgetary focuses. The people group stays constrained in space and characteristic assets, and it faces steady issues of congestion, exchange changes, and social and political agitation. All things considered, Hong Kong has risen solid and prosperous, yet with a changed job, as an entrepôt, an assembling and money related focus, and an imperative operator in the exchange and modernization of China.