Guilin, Wade-Giles romanization Kuei-lin, additionally spelled Kweilin, once in the past Lingui, city, northeastern Zhuang Autonomous Region of Guangxi, southern China. The common course focus of the Gui River bowl, Guilin lies along the most effortless of the considerable number of courses driving from focal China to Guangdong area—that between the headwaters of the Xiang River in Hunan territory and the upper waters of the Gui River (there called the Li River). The two streams were connected in early occasions by the amazing Ling Canal, which along these lines made it workable for little specialty to go between the Yangtze (north) and Xi (south) waterway frameworks.
At the point when the main ruler of the Qin tradition (221–207 BCE) attempted his incredible battle against the territory of Nanyue in Guangdong, his powers touched base by this course and are said to have set up the primary organization in the zone. In the first century BCE, the Han tradition (206 BCE–220 CE) settled a province situate there, called Shi’an. The previous district name, Lingui, was first given during the Tang line (618–907). Under the Ming (1368–1644) and Qing (1644–1911/12) traditions, it progressed toward becoming Guilin predominant prefecture; under the Qing it was additionally the commonplace capital of Guangxi. In 1912 it returned to region status as Guilin, and the commonplace capital was moved to Nanning. It again turned into the common capital in 1936 however was traded for a second time by Nanning in 1949.
Guilin has for some time been a significant focal point of exchange and organization in light of its area on a horticulturally rich valley floor that is additionally the most effortless course south from Hunan. In 1939 the Hunan-Guangxi railroad was reached out through Guilin to Liuzhou by means of this hallway.
Guilin has dependably been a workmanship focus, however until 1949 the main indications of present day industry were a warm power plant, a bond works, and some little material factories. Since the 1950s Guilin has created enterprises occupied with the production of hardware, designing and horticultural gear, drug, elastic, and transports, and it likewise has material and cotton yarn plants. Sustenance preparing, including the handling of neighborhood horticultural produce, remains the most significant industry.
Guilin is additionally a social focus. As a noteworthy focus of Buddhism in the seventh century, it had numerous popular religious communities. Today the city has in excess of 10 schools and colleges. Guilin (its name signifies “Timberland of Sweet Osmanthus”) is set in a scene of remarkable regular magnificence and is eminent for its karst arrangements. Profound disintegration of the limestone level has left a large number of tall needle-molded zeniths out of whose lofty sides trees grow unrealistically. These fantastical mountains have for some time been memorialized in Chinese painting and verse. The city likewise has numerous caverns, the biggest and most fabulous of which is Ludiyan (“Reed Flute Cave”). Guilin is recorded as a state-level verifiable and social city. There are planned flights to significant urban areas in China and to Japan and the nations of Southeast Asia. Pop. (2002 est.) 534,861; (2007 est.) urban agglom., 887,000.