Frankfurt am Main, English Frankfurt on the Main, city, Hessen Land (state), western Germany. The city lies along the Main River around 19 miles (30 km) upstream from its conversion with the Rhine River at Mainz. Pop. (2011) city, 667,925; (2000 est.) urban agglom., 3,681,000.
There is proof of Celtic and Germanic settlements in the city dating from the first century BCE, just as Roman stays from the first and second hundreds of years CE. The name Frankfurt (“Ford [Passage or Crossing] of the Franks”) most likely emerged around 500 CE, when the Franks drove the Alemanni south, however the primary composed notice of Franconofurt comes from Charlemagne’s own biographer, Einhard, in the late eighth century. The Pfalz (supreme mansion) filled in as a significant imperial home of the East Frankish Carolingians from the ninth century through later medieval occasions. In the twelfth century the Hohenstaufen line raised another mansion in Frankfurt and walled the town. The Hohenstaufen ruler Frederick I (Frederick Barbarossa) was chosen lord there in 1152, and in 1356 the Golden Bull of Emperor Charles IV (the constitution of the Holy Roman Empire) assigned Frankfurt as the perpetual site for the race of the German rulers.
Frankfurt am Main was a free majestic city from 1372 until 1806, when Napoleon I made it the seat of government for the ruler primate of the Confederation of the Rhine. In 1810 the city turned into the capital of the Grand Duchy of Frankfurt, made by Napoleon. From 1815, when Napoleon fell, Frankfurt was again a free city, where in 1848–49 the Frankfurt National Assembly met. From 1816 to 1866 the city was the seat of the German Bundestag (Federal Diet) and therefore the capital of Germany. After the Seven Weeks’ War in 1866, Frankfurt was attached by Prussia and along these lines lost its free-city status. It was simply after its coordination into a unified Germany that Frankfurt formed into an enormous mechanical city.
Until World War II, Frankfurt’s Old Town, which had grown up around the supreme mansion, was the biggest medieval city still unblemished in Germany. The Old Town was for the most part decimated by Allied besieging efforts in 1944, in any case, and was along these lines reconstructed with multistory places of business and other present day structures. Among the city’s most popular old structures are the Römer (“the Roman”; some time ago the site of the Holy Roman head’s crowning celebration functions and now Frankfurt’s city corridor) and two other gabled houses on the Römerberg (the city square encompassing the Römer). Other authentic tourist spots incorporate the 155-foot-(47-meter-) tall Eschenheimer Tower (1400–28); the red sandstone house of prayer, which was committed to St. Bartholomew in 1239; and the Paulskirche, which was the gathering spot of the primary Frankfurt National Assembly.
Universal exchange fairs have been held in Frankfurt since 1240, and the city is presently a main business, monetary, and high-innovation focus. There is a significant stock trade (first settled in 1585). The Rothschild family begun structure its universal financial realm in Frankfurt. The city additionally is the home of the European Union’s national bank. Yearly book, car, and PC fairs are well known occasions, and there are numerous different fairs held consistently. Fabricates incorporate vehicles, hardware, substance and pharmaceutical items, printing materials, and staples. The city is customarily known for its creation of superb wieners (frankfurters).
Frankfurt has for some time been a key halting point for stream, rail, and street traffic from Switzerland and southern Germany northward along the Rhine River to the Ruhr locale and over the Main River to north-focal Germany. It is as yet the central traffic center point for western Germany and has additionally been a significant inland transporting port since the canalization of the Main during the 1880s. Frankfurt Airport is the biggest airplane terminal in Germany and one of the busiest in Europe.