Dublin, Irish Dubh Linn, Norse Dyfflin (“Black Pool”), additionally called Baile Átha Cliath (“Town of the Ford of the Hurdle”), city, capital of Ireland, situated on the east coast in the area of Leinster. Arranged at the head of Dublin Bay of the Irish Sea, Dublin is the nation’s main port, focus of monetary and business power, and seat of culture. It is additionally a city of differences, keeping up an uneasy connection between tokens of prior political and financial conditions and images of present-day life and thriving. Territory city, 45.5 square miles (118 square km). Pop. (2006) 506,211; Greater Dublin, 1,187,126; (2011) 527,612; Greater Dublin, 1,273,069.
Dublin is a warm and inviting city, known for the invitingness of its kin and well known for its craic (“break”)— that blend of repartee, cleverness, knowledge, and acidic and flattening understanding that has pulled in authors, intelligent people, and guests for quite a long time. It has blurred magnificence and a serenely worn sense. Somebody fourth of the inhabitants of the Republic of Ireland live in the Greater Dublin urban zone, giving a decent arrangement of clamor. The city’s heart is partitioned north-south by the River Liffey, with O’Connell’s Bridge associating the two sections. Bars (where a significant part of the city’s public activity is led), bistros, and cafés flourish, and Irish musicality once in a while permits quietness. On the north side, close to the General Post Office, stand the majority of the staying Georgian houses, worked in the eighteenth century around squares, presently next to each other with glass and solid workplaces and condo squares. The absolute best stupendous structures remain on the north riverbank, as do the city’s least fortunate parts, keeping up an inquisitive juxtaposition between the echoes of the legislative issues and monetary existence of the past—blue-blooded and devastated—and the indications of the prosperous city of the present. Ireland’s national theater, the Abbey, is only east of O’Connell Street, set apart since 2002 by the Spire of Dublin, a 394-foot (120-meter) treated steel milestone that broadcasted the road’s change with a walker square and tree-lined avenue. Together with a rash of new elevated structures, the tower has changed the character of the city and of the north side. Despite the fact that Dublin has experienced modernization, and a few zones, for example, the thin and twisting lanes of the Temple Bar locale west of Trinity College—consistently play host to boisterous and rowdy groups, a solid feeling of history and of a centuries-old capital plagues.
Dublin’s geographic site is great. Arranged at the leader of a wonderful cove, the city straddles the River Liffey where it breaks eastbound through a slope ringed plain to the shores of the Irish Sea. (The dim lowland water depleting into the stream made the “dark pool” that gave the city its name.) Almost unquestionably, this opening from the ocean—driving through the mountains to the productive focal fields of Ireland—initially pulled in Viking looters and Norse settlement. Every year suburbia extend more distant into the wide open, yet toward the south there is a characteristic breaking point presented by the Dublin and Wicklow mountains, which ring the city and give a portion of its most wonderful vistas.