Jerba, additionally spelled Jarbah or Djerba, island arranged in the Gulf of Gabes on the Mediterranean Sea, situated off the Tunisian territory, to which it is associated by an interstate right around 4 miles (6 km) long. Jerba island is around 17 miles (27 km) long by 16 miles (26 km) wide and has a territory of 197 square miles (510 square km).
The island was referred to antiquated geographers as the “place that is known for the lotus eaters” and was initially settled by the Romans. In the wake of being vanquished by the Arabs in 655 and made a reliance of Tunis and Kairouan (Al-Qayrawān), it go forward and backward between Sicilian, Norman, and Ḥafṣid control from the twelfth to the fifteenth century. After a few fruitless endeavors by the Spanish to take the island in the sixteenth century, it go under Ottoman control until the entry of the French in the late nineteenth century. Jerba island, presently a piece of Tunisia, is noted for its plantations (particularly dates and olives), angling (wipes and clams), woolens and covers, and earthenware. Its fine shorelines and global air terminal have additionally made it a prevalent vacationer resort. Ḥawmat al-Sūq is the key town and boss market focus, and Ajīm is the principle port. The populace is for the most part Amazigh (Berber) in source; there additionally remains a segment of the island’s once noteworthy Jewish people group, which was one of the most seasoned on the planet. A little extent of the populace has a place with the Kharijite group of Islam. Pop. (2004) 139,517.