Cancún, city and nearby island resort territory, Quintana Roo estado (state), southeastern Mexico. Ciudad (Cancún city) is situated on the northeastern shoreline of the Yucatán Peninsula, confronting the Caribbean Sea. It is basically an administration town for the L-molded retreat territory of Isla (Cancún Island), which is 13 miles (21 km) long by 0.25 mile (400 meters) wide.
The Cancún Island resort territory (additionally called the Zona Hotelera [“Hotel Zone”]) is connected by a boulevard to Cancún city. The island, with its high rise lodgings and rambling retreats, and the waterfront zone involved by Cancún city have bottomless white sand shorelines, palm forests, and coral reefs. The warm, tropical atmosphere has a short stormy season.
Initially settled by Maya Indians, the zone was recorded as Cancúne (Mayan: “Vessel toward the End of the Rainbow”) in 1843 by the American adventurer John Lloyd Stephens and the British voyager Frederick Catherwood in their great work, Incidents of Travel in Yucatan (1843). Cancún remained a little angling and-assembling settlement of around 100 Maya until 1970, when, following a three-year investigation of conditions by the Mexican government in relationship with private premiums, the territory was chosen as an appropriate site for a worldwide occasion focus. A structure blast during the 1980s changed Cancún Island into a noteworthy retreat for vacationers from the United States, Europe, and somewhere else.
Mexican the travel industry authorities see Cancún as a fruitful model for arranged financial and urban advancement, however commentators question its area on a temperamental hindrance island in Mexico’s tropical storm zone and note that extreme lodging issues endure in the nearby administration town, where numerous traveler industry specialists still live in unsatisfactory conditions. Cancún is connected by thruway to Puerto Juarez toward the north (with ship administration to the visitor goal of Isla Mujeres), to Puerto Morelos toward the south (with ship administration to the traveler goal of Cozumel Island), and to different Mayan locales, including Tulum toward the south and Chichén Iztá 87 miles (140 km) toward the west. A global airplane terminal is found 12 miles (19 km) south of the city on the terrain. Pop. (2005) 526,701; (2010) 628,306.