Buenos Aires, city and capital of Argentina. The city is coextensive with the Federal District (Distrito Federal) and is arranged on the shore of the Río de la Plata, 150 miles (240 km) from the Atlantic Ocean.
Buenos Aires is one of Latin America’s most significant ports and most crowded urban communities, just as the national focal point of business, industry, governmental issues, culture, and innovation. As per convention, Spanish colonizer Pedro de Mendoza built up the main settlement there, which he named Nuestra Señora Santa María del Buen Aire (“Our Lady St. Mary of the Good Air”). Buenos Aires local people are alluded to as porteños (“individuals of the port”) in light of the fact that such huge numbers of the city’s occupants generally touched base by pontoon from Europe. Zone city, 78 square miles (203 square km); Greater Buenos Aires, 1,500 square miles (3,885 square km). Pop. (2001) city, 2,776,138; Greater Buenos Aires, 12,046,799; (2010) city, 2,890,151; (2011 est.) Greater Buenos Aires, 13,528,000.
The Argentine writer and rationalist Ezequiel Martínez Estrada (1895–1964) called Buenos Aires “The Head of Goliath,” an allegory that compared the awkwardness of the city’s connection with the remainder of the nation to that of an enormous headed monster with a weak body. The city’s riches and impact eclipse the life of the remainder of the nation, however Buenos Aires additionally gives Argentina its severest financial and social issues. This polarity has made Buenos Aires an inside for political and social turmoil.
This gaudy city with wide roads and an energetic cosmopolitan style is more commonly European than Latin American in character. Having minimal pilgrim design and couple of milestone structures, Buenos Aires is primarily a city of particular neighborhoods that have their very own gathering places, for the most part cafés or bars. This is a convention established in the pilgrim time frame, when the focal point of every area was a general store and bar known as a pulpería. These areas give a feeling of network to individuals who live in a urban spread that by the mid 21st century was developing twice as quick as the nation in general.
The vitality and clamor of present day Buenos Aires is most obvious in the downtown area—the locus of excitement, shopping, and bistro going. Porteños relish legislative issues, football (soccer), and the city’s social contributions. During the evening Buenos Aires’ boites (dance club) swell with revelers moving the tango, the enthusiastic move that began in the lower-class zones of the city and that is said to mirror the pith of the spirit of the porteño.