Barcelona, city, seaport, and capital of Barcelona provincia (area) and of Catalonia comunidad autónoma (self-ruling network), northeastern Spain, found 90 miles (150 km) south of the French outskirt. It is Spain’s significant Mediterranean port and business focus and is renowned for its uniqueness, social intrigue, and physical excellence.

On his visit to the city in 1862, Hans Christian Andersen commented that Barcelona was the “Paris of Spain.” The city is undoubtedly a noteworthy social focus with an astounding history. It teems with documents, libraries, historical centers, and structures of enthusiasm, including radiant instances of Modernist and Art Nouveau stylistic theme and engineering. Since the late 1970s, with the official acknowledgment of the Catalan language and the conceding of huge degrees of provincial self-government, social life has been renewed, carrying with it another attention to the profundity and assortment of Catalan culture. This imperativeness consolidates with the striking physical setting of Barcelona—between beautiful mountains and the Mediterranean Sea, with a favorable atmosphere that cultivates road life—and its noteworthiness as a financial power and a noteworthy port to make a city of interminable assortment. Region city, 38 square miles (98 square km); metropolitan territory, 1,249 square miles (3,235 square km). Pop. (2011) 1,611,013.

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