Antalya, Ancient Greek Attalia, city and Mediterranean Sea port, southwestern Turkey. It is arranged on the Gulf of Antalya.
Attalia was established as a seaport in the second century BCE by Attalus II Philadelphus, a lord of Pergamum. It was handed down to the Romans by his successor, Attalus III Philometor Euergetes. St. Paul, the Apostle, and St. Barnabas set out from the seaport on their zealous mission to Antioch. The “Hadrian Gate,” a marble entry of three indistinguishable curves, was worked to celebrate a visit by the head Hadrian in 130 CE.
During the Middle Ages the city was a Byzantine fortress and a significant embarkation point for troops going to Palestine during the Crusades. It was caught by the Turkish Seljuq ruler Kay-Khusraw in 1207 and before long turned into the most significant town and port of the locale. In spite of the fact that it was first involved by the Ottoman sultan Bayezid I in 1391, its joining into the Ottoman Empire was deferred until the late fifteenth century in light of the disturbance brought about by the intrusion of Timur (Tamerlane). In the tripartite understanding of 1917 for the after war division of the Ottoman Empire among Italy, France, and the United Kingdom, Italy asserted Antalya and its hinterland. Italian troops involved the locale in 1919 yet were driven out in July 1921 by Turkish patriot powers.
With a subtropical warm atmosphere and a plenitude of antiquated destinations adjacent, Antalya is the central visitor resort on the Turkish Riviera. The old town, encompassed by braced dividers reestablished during Roman, Byzantine, and Seljuq periods, possesses the summit of a low bluff ignoring the harbor. Remarkable landmarks in the town incorporate an old pinnacle, most likely once utilized as a beacon, and a Seljuq religious school and mosque dating from 1250. Yivli Minare, a previous Byzantine church changed over into a Seljuq mosque, presently houses the neighborhood archeological exhibition hall. Pop. (2000) 603,190; (2013 est.) 994,306.