Abu Dhabi, likewise spelled Abū Ẓaby, constituent emirate of the United Arab Emirates (once in the past Trucial States, or Trucial Oman). In spite of the fact that its global limits are contested, it is certainly the biggest of the nation’s seven constituent emirates, with more than three-fourths of the territory of the whole alliance. Its rich oil fields, both inland and in the Persian Gulf, make it, with neighboring Dubai, one of the country’s two most prosperous emirates.
Abu Dhabi fronts the Persian Gulf on the north for around 280 miles (450 km). The forlorn coast has numerous zones of sabkhah (“salt swamp”) and various seaward islands. Abu Dhabi fringes Qatar (west), Saudi Arabia (south), and Oman, earlier Muscat and Oman (east). Inside it half encompasses Dubai and has a short boondocks with Al-Shāriqah.
Since the eighteenth century the Āl bū Falāh group of the Banū Yās has been in power; their most punctual seat was in the Līwā (Al-Jiwāʾ) desert spring area. In 1761 they discovered wells of consumable water at the site of Abu Dhabi town on the coast, and they made their central command there from 1795. Since Abu Dhabi’s customary opponents were the Qawāsim privateers of Raʾs al-Khaymah and Al-Shāriqah sheikhdoms and on the grounds that the privateers were antagonistic to the sultanate of Muscat and Oman, Abu Dhabi’s rulers at first aligned themselves with the sultanate. In the nineteenth century, in any case, regional clashes created between Abu Dhabi, Muscat and Oman, and the extending intensity of the Wahhābī of Najd, precursors of the present decision line of Saudi Arabia. These contentions prompted outskirt debates, most still disrupted.
Despite the fact that not considered a privateer state, Abu Dhabi marked the British-supported General Treaty of Peace (1820), the oceanic ceasefire (1835), and the Perpetual Maritime Truce (1853). By the details of the Exclusive Agreement of 1892, its remote undertakings were set under British control. During the long principle of Sheik Zayd ibn Khalīfah (1855–1908), Abu Dhabi was the chief intensity of the Trucial Coast, however in the mid twentieth century it was outpaced by Al-Shāriqah and Dubai. At the point when Britain proposed withdrawal from the Persian Gulf (1968), Abu Dhabi, together with the other Trucial States, Bahrain, and Qatar, consulted to shape a nine-part organization. The last two states, in any case, turned out to be independently free (1971); Britain revoked its prior bargains with the Trucial States, and the new United Arab Emirates, of which Abu Dhabi is a main part, appeared. Abu Dhabi (the city) was made the temporary capital of the United Arab Emirates for a long time; its status was broadened a few times until it was made the perpetual national capital in the mid 1990s.